Evaluation and identification of potential areas for the construction of Industrial park in Urmia city

Document Type : Research Article


1 MA student of regional planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 MA student of urban design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Postoctoral in Urban Planning, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


Urmia city is a region with high potential for the development of industrial centers. However, in the last few decades, the indiscriminate development of industries in this area has led to the creation of environmental and socio-economic problems, the present research aims to identify areas prone to the construction of an industrial town in the city and evaluate the existing areas. It has been carried out industrially, the research method is descriptive-analytical and practical in terms of purpose, in order to collect the required statistics and information related to the subject, library studies were also used. In order to achieve the goals of the research, the combined Boolean and fuzzy multi-criteria evaluation method was used; At first, relying on seven criteria of distance from the city, slope, height, fault, waterway, communication lines and land use, maps of restrictions and factors were drawn; In the second step, the fuzzy primary suitability map and the Boolean primary suitability map were prepared and finally, according to the correlation coefficients and standard deviation of the operators, gamma 0.5 was chosen as the most appropriate gamma to overlap the two mentioned maps; The results indicated that about 94% of the area of the region is completely unsuitable for the establishment of industries and only about 6% of the area is in the category of approximately suitable to completely suitable. In the assessment of the establishment of the existing industrial areas, it was found that the industrial town of phase one and two, the Karimabad industrial area and the electronics and food industry town are located in the inappropriate area of establishment; Also, the area of 8 square kilometers of the phase three industrial town is located in the suitable area for settlement and 1 square kilometer is located in the unsuitable area for settlement.


  • Receive Date: 16 June 2022
  • Revise Date: 08 August 2022
  • Accept Date: 13 September 2022
  • First Publish Date: 13 September 2022