Geomorphology of Nahbandan Fault System and Surrounding in Eastern Iran

Document Type : Research Article


1 Associate Professor in Seismology, Department of Geology, Faculty of Science and Earthquake Research Center of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Iran

2 PhD in Tectonic, Department of Geology, University of Orumieh, Iran


Geomorphology is one of the tools to identify active faults and tectonic of active areas. Due to the presence of geomorphological deformations related to tectonics, the east of Iran is one of the active tectonic areas. Long strike-slip faults as well as the Sistan suture fault in this area is one of its most important features. These strike-slip faults are all dextral. The Nahbandan fault system is the longest fault system in the east of Iran. This system is composed of two eastern and western faults, and the eastern fault is longer. These faults and surrounding faults have created various landforms in the eastern part of Iran. From these various landforms, we can mention the displacement of young streams, folds, formations and the creation of pull-apart areas. In this research, in addition to displaying the landforms and fault displacements, the earth's formation has also been investigated following the cumulative and long-term movement and displacement of the faults. In this review, MrSID and SRTM satellite images have been used. In this study, MrSID and SRTM satellite images have been used. By using these images, the maximum and minimum elevation measured perpendicular to the faults were estimated as 200 meters and 1300 meters, respectively. The maximum horizontal displacement of the streams and formation measured along the faults were estimated to be 7782 meters and 13740 meters, respectively. The faults had outcrops in some places; some of these faults with visible outcrops were documented and investigated.

Graphical Abstract

Geomorphology of Nahbandan Fault System and Surrounding in Eastern Iran


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  • Receive Date: 08 October 2021
  • Revise Date: 29 December 2021
  • Accept Date: 09 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 09 January 2022