Prioritizing key measures to increase public participation in natural disaster management in Iran

Document Type : Research Article


1 Professor, Faculty of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. in environmental Planning, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Master in EcoHydrology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Natural Disasters have brought numerous casualties, damages, and financial losses throughout the years in Iran. In this paper, the importance of public participation of institutions and people in disasters management is discussed. Afterward, ten types of key measures to increase the success of public participation as well as three criteria related to speed, quality, and effectiveness, all three of which are positive criteria, were considered. To carry out the decision-making process, the methods were ranked using a multi-criteria decision-making method to select the best method in the last step. For this purpose, the Shannon entropy method was used to weight the criteria and the Topsis method was used to rank the measures. Outcomes of ten types of key measures illustrate that support for trustworthy sovereignty and commitment in the first place, the need to define common goals and interests in the second place, determination of unity between institutions and people in the third place, determining effective leadership of the government in the fourth place, finding common approaches to achieving the goal in fifth place, ensuring transparent and effective communication in the sixth place, clarification of roles and responsibilities in the seventh place, investment in the accurate performance of processes in the eighth place, increasing government staff time to facilitate and support processes in the ninth place, and managing and monitoring problems in partnerships are ranked in the tenth place.

Graphical Abstract

Prioritizing key measures to increase public participation in natural disaster management in Iran


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