Determining the resilience pattern of Iranian provinces

Document Type : Research Article


1 Assistant professor of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, Shiraz University

2 Assistant professor of Agricultural Economics, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran


Resilience is a new concept that main approach is to design with less vulnerability and more flexibility in the face of stress, so that a resilient province is ready to respond quickly in an emergency. The new conditions respond and continue to work with minimal damage. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to measure the resilience of the provinces using economic, social, infrastructural and environmental indicators. For this purpose, 21 indicators were collected for 31 provinces of the country and by combining them, the composite resilience index was calculated. In order to determine the weight of each indicator, FAHP method was used. Based on the results, the weight of each of the economic, infrastructural, social and environmental resilience indices was equal to 0.56, 0.13, 0.24 and 0.07, respectively. Also, based on the results of the composite resilience index, the provinces of Tehran (0.731), Khuzestan (0.498), Isfahan (0.445), Fars (0.439), Gilan (0.420) and Mazandaran (0.375) have the highest resilience among the provinces of the country. Also, Sistan and Baluchestan, Qom, North Khorasan, South Khorasan, Hormozgan, Ardabil and Zanjan provinces are the most vulnerable provinces in the country. Finally, according to the constructive indicators of resilience, the weaknesses of each province were identified and suggestions were made in this regard.


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