Explaining the factors affecting social resilience against biological hazards with emphasis on Covid-19 (Case Study: Zanjan City)

Document Type : Research Article


1 PhD student in Geography and Urban Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Social Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran


The purpose of this paper is to explain the factors affecting social resilience against biological hazards with emphasis on Covid-19 in order to unveil the shadowing of this phenomenon, a phenomenon that has long been discussed from its text layers and sub-layers to different angles of attitude drills. The research method in this study, in terms of descriptive - analytical and practical purpose. To collect the required data, the library method (Covid 19 disease distribution map, valid books and articles in line with the research topic) and the survey method were used as a questionnaire and Delphi method. To analyze the data and prepare the data, SPSS software was used for the statistical population of 133156 households in Zanjan with a sample size of 321 and data analysis was performed using research analytical tools (from exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis model in the form of structural equation modeling). The results show that the analysis of conceptual characteristics using heuristic factor analysis reveals the four main explanatory factors as factors; Awareness and health with a coefficient of 0.74, attitude with a coefficient of 0.78, skill with a coefficient of 0.82, social capital and justice with a coefficient of 0.73 identified the contract and analysis of the communication structure of the identified effective factors using confirmatory factor analysis showed that the identified factors have a structural relationship It is significant for being effective in social resilience against Corona in Zanjan.


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  • Receive Date: 15 November 2020
  • Revise Date: 12 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 25 February 2021
  • First Publish Date: 27 February 2021